MITHRAIC ZOROASTRIN Symbol  on the US Seals: By Pash Jehan


MITHRAIC ZOROASTRIAN Symbol on the US Seals.  
The three Magi who came from the East – as their Phrygian caps confirm
Mithras, whose origins lay in Persia…the Phrygian cap was worn by the Zoroastrian diety Mithras. He was the deity in the Persian tradition based on the Zoroastrian religion. Mithras was a forerunner of the Saviour-god Jesus Christ who borrowed Mithras’s halo, his birthday and his temple on the Vatican Hill in Rome, but not his Phrygian hat. 
The same headgear also features on the heads of the Three Magi in old depictions of them – marking them as being from the east, like this depiction below from a church in Ravenna. 
The name Magi denotes Zoroastrian Fire Priests from Ancient IRAN. 
The Phrygian cap can be seen on Trajan’s Column, worn by the Dacians, and on the Arch of Septimius Severus, worn by the Parthians. 
Roman poets habitually used the term “Phrygian” to mean Trojan. In Greek art, the Phrygian cap served to identify Paris as a Trojan – and so definitely not a proper Greek. A mosaic shows Orpheus wearing a Phrygian hat. The cap also appears on murals in a 4th century Thracian tomb at Kazanlak in modern Bulgaria.
Later known as the Liberty Cap, this can be seen in the United Sates Defence forces Coat of Arms. 
In the American colonies the Liberty Cap had been was used, perhaps a little melodramatically, by the Sons of Liberty in 1765. During the American Revolution some soldiers who fought for the rebel cause wore knitted stocking liberty caps of red. Sometimes they had the motto “Liberty” or “Liberty or Death” knitted into the band. This style of cap was common in the North East (possibly reflecting French influence). “Jonathan” (the allegorical figure of colonial New England) is sometimes shown wearing a liberty cap. 
A US coin of 1850 shows Liberty holding a “Liberty Pole” with a Phrygian hat on it.The Liberty Cap Seal of the US Senate.Liberty caps were sometimes held aloft on a Liberty Pole during the American Revolutionary War as a symbol of freedom. It is not clear whether the idea of using these caps was imported from France. The liberty cap, or something like it, was already associated with revolt against established authority in France. The Revolt of the Red Caps for example was a series of riots in Brittany in 1675 triggered by Colbert’s taxes. The coin (of 1850) on the left shows Liberty holding a Liberty Pole with a Phrygian hat on it. On the right is the Liberty Seal of the US Senate with a Liberty cap surmounting the arms in the centre and crossed fasces underneath.
Dexter supporter of the New York Coat of arms – Liberty holding a Liberty CapA Liberty cap – oddly a golden one – features in the arms of New York, the original national capital of the USA. The dexter supporter to the arms is blazoned as follows: “The figure of Liberty proper, her hair disheveled and decorated with pearls, vested azure, sandaled gules, about the waist a cincture or, fringed gules, a mantle of the last depending from the shoulders behind to the feet, in the dexter hand a staff ensigned with a Phrygian cap or, the sinister arm embowed, the hand supporting the shield at the dexter chief point, a royal crown by her sinister foot dejected.” (In the language of heraldry the word “or” means gold).
the Seal of the US Army including a Liberty CapDetail from the Seal of the US Army – showing the Liberty CapA Liberty Cap appears on the State flags of West Virginia and New Jersey as well as the official seals of the United States Army and the United States Senate. A Liberty Cap also features on the seal of Dickinson College, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the first college to be chartered in the new Republic of the USA.
It is curious that it is rarely shown being worn. It is shown either as an isolated symbol, or on top of a Liberty pole or similar support. 
Plans for the new dome of the national Capitol, which was authorized in 1855 included an allegorical figure of Liberty (called “Freedom triumphant in War and Peace”) wearing a Liberty cap. Jefferson Davis (then Secretary of War) objected to the Liberty cap so the architect replaced it with a rather eccentric Roman helmet.

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One Response to “MITHRAIC ZOROASTRIN Symbol  on the US Seals: By Pash Jehan”

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