Legacy of the Persian Gardens: By Persiart7 


Legacy of the Persian Gardens
In 550 BCE Cyrus the Great launched one of the first ambitious engineering projects in the ancient world: the construction of the first capital of the Achaemenid dynasty Pasargadae. The best workmen were brought from all over the empire for this ambitious project. It is to be noted that, unlike other rulers who would enslave conquered subjects, Cyrus the Great paid the workers basis their skills. This may seem ordinary but it was a truly revolutionary move 2500 years back. 
Cyrus built two magnificent palaces surrounded by vast formal gardens. Cyrus’s Gardens had pavilions, channels, pools, orchids and terraces laid out symmetrically in a four part system. The four quartered walled Persian Gardens, some scholars believed was a manifestation of the Persian king’s rule over the four quarters of the world. But these gardens were much more than just a manifestation of the Persian dominion and power; it was a representation of the Zoroastrian philosophy of living in complete harmony with nature. 
Planting and nurturing trees was considered a sacred duty. The gardens were considered to be a sign of peace, tranquillity, harmony and balance. While designing the gardens the way sunlight would enter and reflect in the garden was taken into consideration.
Zoroastrian scriptures too highlight the same. In the Zoroastrain prayer Patet Pashemani, amongst seeking forgiveness for other sins we also ask for forgiveness for sins which may have been committed against Amardad Ameshaspand, and trees.

Irrigation channels made of white carved and polished glittering stone, stretching over 1000 yards have been discovered in these gardens. They would run around the gardens and irrigate the royal gardens as well as cooling down the air. These irrigation channels are the first known evidence of a formal garden anywhere in the world as not much evidence of the Assyrian and Babylonian gardens has been discovered. 
Greek historian Xenophon mentions that Cyrus created royal gardens wherever he resided and Cyrus himself also gardened. He once told a Greek visitor, ‘I swear by the Sun God that I would never sit for dinner at my palace unless I completed some task of gardening in the day.’ 
The clay tablets discovered at Persepolis list the different trees which were planted in these gardens. Seeds of the trees to be planted were carefully collected before spring; these seeds were imported from all over the empire reflecting the glory and power of the empire. 
The Persian garden system influenced the Mogul gardens at Taj Mahal and subsequent European garden systems.
Cyrus called his gardens Paradaisia . This word in Old Persian became paradise in ancient Greek and subsequently got absorbed into English.

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One Response to “Legacy of the Persian Gardens: By Persiart7 ”

  1. Myra Says:

    this is incredible

    Like

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